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Screw Chiller

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The distinguishing feature of a screw chiller is its two helical slot rotors. They are convex and concave, with male lobes and female gullies that mesh together to compress refrigerant gasses. As the rotors turn, the refrigerant gas is compressed by volume reduction and transformed into a vapor to pass onto the condenser. Read More…

Screw Chiller A screw chiller is a liquid chiller that uses two rotating helical screws to provide the needed pressure to drive the vapor-compression refrigeration process. Screw chillers are more compact, quieter and contain fewer parts than their alternatives: reciprocating, centrifugal and absorption chillers. Screw chillers rarely break down, have long life spans and require little maintenance.
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Leading Manufacturers

Houston, TX  |  800-473-9178

Founded in the late 1970’s, Cold Shot Chillers has been a designer & liquid chillers manufacturer. Our liquid chillers are of the best quality, offered at low costs with long warranties. Our company's focus is to provide flexible cooling solutions for all industries through the use of high quality components. We serve plastic processing, food & beverage & metal finishing industries and much more.

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Cold Shot Chillers $$$

Richfield, WI  |  800-733-4204

Industry leading, eco- friendly technology from Delta T Systems is setting the pace with energy efficient portable or packaged chiller systems and temperature control units. Our expansive standard product line has been successfully applied in a broad variety of industries for over 30 years. And for applications that require unique features or functionality, our custom design team has the know-how to build the perfect match to your unique requirements. Visit deltatsys.com or call with your application requirement for responsive service.

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Delta T Systems, Inc. $$$

Niles, IL  |  888-764-1428

Since 1969, Thermal Care has been a leading manufacturer of portable and central chillers in air cooled, water cooled, and remote condenser models.

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Thermal Care, Inc. $$$

Kalamazoo, MI  |  800-968-5665

We have manufacturing experiences dating back to 1952 and over the years Glen Dimplex Thermal Solutions has grown in an international provider of high quality chillers. We operate out of an ISO-9001 facility and our teams work hard to bring you the very best chillers. Our teams will even work with you to create a custom chiller. Please give us a call today!

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Glen Dimplex Thermal Solutions $$$

Mansfield, MA  |  781-668-2300

Thermonics® offers a range of process chillers for low (-40°C) and ultra-low (-100°C) temperature cooling. Products include air- and water-cooled chillers, and cryogenic chillers for cooling gasses and fluids. Chillers are compatible with a variety of heat transfer fluids delivering cooling capacities up to 25kW at -90°C, satisfying demands for industrial and mil/aero applications. We are a USA based manufacturer with ISO and ITAR registrations.

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Thermonics Chillers $$$

Wood Dale, IL  |  847-734-1600

KKT Chillers is a leading manufacturer of industrial chiller applicatons. We have served the industry from our headquarters in Germany since our founding and we continue to innovate and improve upon our products. Our chiller series include our Nema-Line, Vario-Line, and Compact-Line. Visit our website to learn more about KKT Chillers.

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KKT Chillers $$$
placeholder image Cold Shot Chillers Delta T Systems, Inc. Thermal Care, Inc. Glen Dimplex Thermal Solutions Thermonics Chillers KKT Chillers

The distinguishing feature of a screw chiller is its two helical slot rotors. They are convex and concave, with male lobes and female gullies that mesh together to compress refrigerant gasses. As the rotors turn, the refrigerant gas is compressed by volume reduction and transformed into a vapor to pass onto the condenser. Sliders in the compressor regulate the length of the compression path, all of which occurs in a linear direction.

Screw Compressor

Screw chillers include a screw compressor, a condenser, evaporator, and expansion valve. As with all chillers, screw chillers can be air cooled or water cooled, depending on their design. Screw chillers are high-powered circulating chillers used in the chemical industry, printing, automobile manufacturing, and central air conditioning units.

Advantages of a Screw Chiller

The need for highly efficient and reliable cooling systems has risen due to technological advances and the need for energy-efficient cooling systems. Of the many industrial chillers on the market, screw chillers seem to be the preferred choice for industrial and commercial use.

Footprint

The main bulk component of chillers is the compressor, which can take up a great deal of space and require significant changes to a location during installation. However, screw chillers are compact, take up less space, and are easy to install.

Cooling

The most important quality of a screw chiller is how efficiently it cools a process or structure. Screw chillers operate and adjust according to the needs and capacity of the application without overcooling.

Screw Chiller

Energy Efficiency

A key factor for all implementations in modern society is energy use. Environmental concern has become a major issue that guides all manufacturers. Since screw chillers provide optimum cooling without overcooling, they consume less energy. The operation of screw compressors minimizes energy loss due to the design of the helical rotors and the tight seal on the compression cylinder.

Noise Level

Of the many characteristics of screw compressors, their lack of operating noise is one of their most significant and highly publicized. The smooth intermeshing of the rotors in the compressor housing does not create vibrations, which is the main source of noise for other chillers. This aspect of a screw chiller is a natural part of their function.

Components of a Screw Chiller

Maintenance

Screw chillers have a simple structure with fewer moving parts. The low ratio of moving parts makes it possible for screw chillers to operate for long periods without needing part replacement or maintenance. In addition, there is less wear on the various elements, which increases longevity and decreases the need for repair.

Types of Screw Chillers

The difference between screw and other compressors is that they provide a constant stream of compressed air without pulsating. The term screw chiller describes two types of compressors: single and twin screw. Due to their efficiency and reliability, screw chillers tend to be more expensive than other types of chillers, such as centrifugal and reciprocating. Of the two types, single screw chillers are less expensive and easier to maintain.

Single Screw Compressor

A single screw compressor gets its name from the single main rotor that rotates to activate the gate star wheels. Compression is produced by the rotation of the main rotor and occurs in the upper and lower halves of the compressor housing. The rotation of the main rotor pulls in the refrigerant. After the refrigerant is pressurized, it is discharged by one of the star wheels.

Single screw compressors are smaller and more compact but are highly efficient for small applications. Aside from being more appropriate for small applications, single screw compressors tend to have problems with wear on the star wheels.

Single Screw Compressor

Twin Screw Compressor

Twin screw compressors have two helical rotors attached to two shafts. One of the rotors is referred to as male, while the other rotor is referred to as female. The female rotor always has more flutes than the male. In the movement of the rotors, the male lobe acts like a continuous piston that rolls down into the female flutes that perform like a cylinder by trapping refrigerant and constantly reducing space to increase the pressure on the refrigerant.

As the refrigerant moves down the female rotor's grooves, its volume is reduced and compressed. When the male rotor lobe moves to the end of the groove, the compressed refrigerant gas is discharged out the outlet valve.

Diagram of a Twin Screw Compressor

Parts of a Screw Chiller Compressor

The structure of a screw chiller compressor includes four basic parts enclosed in a metal casing. Most screw chillers have two rotors that compress the refrigerant and play an important part in sucking in the refrigerant and discharging it.

Rotors

A screw compressor has two screws or rotors, one female and the other male. The male rotor is connected to a shaft driven by an electric motor. As the shaft rotates, the male rotor rotates and meshes with the female rotor. The meshing of the male and female rotors is essential to the operation of a screw compressor. As they rotate, they create suction and compression to pressurize the lubricant.

Male and Female Rotors of a Screw Compressor

Compression Cylinder

When the rotors rotate, a vacuum is created in the compression cylinder, where the refrigerant enters through an inlet valve. If a compressor has one cylinder, it is referred to as a single-stage compressor. If there is more than one cylinder, the compressor is multistage.

Valves

The inlet and outlet valves allow the refrigerant gas in and discharge it. The refrigerant is drawn in through the inlet valve when a vacuum is created in the cylinder. As the rotors compress the gas and move it down the compression cylinder, the gas is discharged through the outlet valve.

Motor

An electric motor connected to the male rotor's shaft drives a screw compressor. The motor can be located inside or outside the screw compressor housing, depending on whether the compressor is semi-hermetic or open drive. Oil is used to lubricate the motor to help reduce its temperature. Some screw chillers use water to maintain the motor's temperature.

Screw Chiller Informational Video

 

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